Outdoors: Archery hunters assist in controlling urban deer numbers, The Blade, March 9, 2020
Officials have explained that culls are necessary to reduce the ecological damage the overabundance of deer are doing in some of the park system’s most sensitive and vulnerable areas, with seedlings and spring wildflowers being significantly impacted.
Using sharpshooters and bow hunter, Lyndhurst has culled 37 deer this season, Cleveland.com, Feb 4, 2020
Point Pelee National Park to close temporarily for deer cull, Windsor Star, Jan 2, 2020
High deer populations “are a serious threat to forest and savannah health” at the park, Levitt said. Through “over-browsing,” the deer consume and damage native plants faster than they can regenerate. This threatens the “health of the Carolinian Forest,” he said, which is home to a number of species at risk, including the red mulberry tree, the red-headed woodpecker, and the eastern foxsnake. Deer are also “jeopardizing efforts to restore the Lake Erie Sandspit Savannah, a globally rare ecosystem that supports 25 per cent of the species at risk in the park.”
Syracuse plans to start culling deer in December, Syracuse.com, Oct 7, 2019
Regulated deer hunts close Griffy Lake Nature Preserve for the next two weekends, Indiana Daily Student, Nov 19, 2019
“The goal of the program is to reduce deer browse pressure to the point where the plant community can recover and reproduce,” said Steve Cotter, natural resources manager for the Bloomington Parks and Recreation Department.
N.B. extends bow hunt to control deer population in populated areas, CTVNews, Aug 13, 2019
“The Kennebecasis Valley communities were really the first to express concerns about deer densities,” he said. “Residents were complaining to their councils about damage to their gardens and deer on roads.”
The controlled hunts take place during the hunting season, using regular hunters. Private property owners are eligible for special permits, depending on the size of the property and the number of deer they see on their land, allowing them to kill between one and 10 deer per property.
Maine wildlife biologists recommend record number of any-deer permits in 2018, Press Herald, May 23, 2018
Sharpshooters didn’t stop the deer population from getting out of hand in Delafield. Now, the city has another plan., Journal Sentinal, March 9, 2018
62 Deer Killed As Part Of Griffy Lake Cull, IndianapolisPublicMedia, Jan 4, 2018
Rock Creek Park deer population control begins in Dec.; road closures overnight, WTOP, Nov 27, 2017
Culling Village Deer May Be Ahead, EastHanpton Star, Nov 16, 2017
Bethesda Resident Says She Is Giving Up on Lawsuit Challenging Bow-Hunting Program, Bethesda Magazine, Nov 16, 2017
Meeting Monday to discuss Lansing Chronic Wasting Disease deer hunt, WILX, Nov 13. 2017
Antietam National Battlefield to again use sharpshooters to control deer herd, HeraldMailMedia.com, Nov 12, 2017
DeWitt adopts bait-and-cull deer management plan, Eagle News online, Oct 30, 2017
To hunt, or not to hunt? Panel debates ethics of deer population control, HV1, Oct 9, 2017
Appeals Court Hears Case Accusing Officials of Animal Cruelty for Bow-Hunting Program, Bethesda, MD, Oct 5, 2017
Ann Arbor deer cull now part of national high school ethics debate, MLive, Sept 13, 2017
Some Ohio towns let bow hunters kill urban deer to cull herds, Columbus Dispatch, Sept 5, 2017
New law allows cities to cull urban deer, but idea is DOA in Ashland, Mail Tribune, July 31, 2017
Use of bows, arrows mulled to cull deer, Daily Progress, July 20, 2017
Fallow deer, a declared pest, culled after causing destruction on Fleurieu Peninsula, The Times, June 15, 2017
Ottawa Hills ends deer hunt, Toledo Blade, Jan 23, 2017
Managed archery deer hunt could thin herd at Springfield Conservation Nature Center, KY3, Oct 26, 2016
Animal advocates oppose bow hunting in Blue Hills, Holbrook, July 14, 2016
Illinois is shining star in fight against deer disease, rrstar.com, June 19, 2016
Meanwhile, the rate of disease among adult bucks in Wisconsin is as high as 30 percent in a major CWD region where the state is using a less-aggressive strategy. Now, state officials are revisiting that plan.
Urban deer hunt application period open, ABC Region 8, June 15, 2016
High deer densities near urban areas often lead to conflicts with landowners and motorists because of deer/vehicle collisions and deer destroying ornamental landscaping. Ralph Meeker, assistant deer program coordinator for the AGFC, says urban hunts have been effective tools to allow a city to reduce unwanted deer numbers without spending thousands on other methods of control.
Issue of bow-hunting deer passed by voters in 6 Northeast Ohio communities, FoxNews, Cleveland, March 6, 2016
“You have to be darn careful when you’re hitting that deer that it goes down or if that thing bolts out, it’s gonna bolt out in the street. If they want to get a sharpshooter, that they’re gonna ‘boom’ and drop that deer, I’m all for that because they do have to be culled,” Ronsky said.
Michigan recently signed legislation created the Hunters Helping Landowners Program, which gives hunters the opportunity to voluntarily enroll and indicate two counties where they would like to hunt antlerless deer on private lands.
- Michigan Department of Natural Resources– Hunters Helping Landowners Program
- MI DNR HUNTERS HELPING LANDOWNERS 2013 PROGRAM DATA
- Deer hunters: Take time to learn about season prospects, licensing changes before Nov. 15 arrives, Michigan DNR Bulletin, 11 (10?)/07/2014
- MI DNR: Safety Zones Around Buildings
Safety zones are all areas within 150 yards (450 feet) of an occupied building
- DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, HUNTING, WASHTENAW COUNTY
- U-M biologists support Ann Arbor deer cull, Michigan News, Jan 14, 2016
A University of Michigan evolutionary biologist says he and many of his U-M colleagues support the city of Ann Arbor’s plans to kill up to 100 deer this winter, calling the cull “a positive step toward ecological sustainability.”U-M botanists have long noted declines in native plants that deer favor, Dick said. In a 2015 study, an ecological team surveyed browsing impacts in Ann Arbor’s Bird Hills Nature Area and found browsing damage in 80 percent of the tree saplings.
- Deer hunt under review in Peapack-Gladstone, Bernardsville News, June 16, 2016
Borough Council members on Tuesday, June 14, discussed whether to continue the program as is, disband it, or keep it in some other form. The reason? The program, initiated in the fall of 2001, has significantly reduced the local herd.This year the council budgeted $6,500 for its deer control program. John O’Neill, the borough’s former superintendent of public works who continues to manage the program, told Mayor William Muller and council members that more than 1,000 deer have been harvested by bow hunters since the program began.
- The Deer Population Is Out Of Control, So Communities Are Culling, Newsy, Dec 6, 2015
The U.S. deer population is about 60 times greater than it was in the ’90s, and some communities worry those numbers could cause more car accidents.
- Deer Hunting: An Effective Management Tool, Maryland Department of Natural Resources
A recent survey by the Howard County Deer Task Force verified citizen support for regulated deer hunting. Citizens rated various deer management strategies on a scale from not acceptable (0) to most acceptable (5), and each strategy was given a total average score. Regulated hunting (3.05) and experimental deer contraception (3.14) topped the list of all potential strategies. A 2003 survey by Responsive Management regarding Maryland citizen’s hunting attitudes also found broad-based support for all legal hunting, with 78 percent of Maryland citizens approving of legal hunting.
- Archery Deer Removal Program to Launch on Saturday, Centreville Independent, Sept 5, 2014
Fairfax County, VA: The archery program is one of three different methods employed by the county to control the deer population. A managed hunt program uses volunteer shotgun and muzzleloader hunters and the police sharpshooter program is done by county officers and SWAT team members. The county removed 1.005 deer from public parks last year, about 85 percent through the archery program.
- Highland deer management program yielded 33K meals for homeless, KSL.com, Utah, Aug 3, 2014
Highland is approaching the second season of its two-year urban deer control pilot program, which officials said was “a resounding success” in its first year.
- Highland deer management ‘a resounding success’, Deseret News (Utah), Aug 3, 2014
- Cornell University culls and studies its deer herd on campus using archers and ‘trap and bolt” method, Syracuse.com, Aug 1, 2014
- New Law: Avon Lake’s solution to its overpopulating deer problems, Action 19 News, July 22, 2014
- Avon Lake OKs year-round deer bow hunting, Lorain County Chronical Times, July 15, 2014
- Radnor BOC deems winter deer cull a success, Mainline Media News, July 15, 2014
- Legal Deer Hunts in Indiana State Parks Quell White-Tailed Deer Populations,
Design and Trend, July 10, 2014
- Hunting gives deer-damaged forests in Indiana state parks a shot at recovery, Purdue Agriculture News, July 9, 2014
- As Park Service Culls Deer in Washington, It Helps Charities Fill Bellies, New York Times, May 14, 2014
- Confessions of a Sharpshooter: How a Deer Cull Actually Works, Outdoor Life, April 9, 2014
- Illinois, Wisconsin differ in culling deer to control disease, Great Lakes Echo, Feb 26, 2014
Marks compares how white-tailed deer get infected to how humans get the flu: “You do not want the flu to spread, so that is the same thing with CWD in white-tailed deer. Culling helps reduce density so it makes it harder for the disease to spread.” The disease rate increased in Wisconsin in the five years after it ended culling.
- Cleveland Metroparks beginning region-wide deer culling, The Plain Dealer, January 20, 2014
“I do think the Cleveland Metroparks’ deer-culling program is the most comprehensive and effective in Cuyahoga County,” said Dr. James K. Bissell, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History’s director of conservation.
Dr. Terry Robison, Metroparks’ director of natural resources, said without the annual culling, the deer population in and near the park system’s 23,000 acres would return to the levels seen before the program began.”
- Park Service: Deer culling has helped deer, Valley Forge, Philly.com, Nov 4, 2013
Entering the fourth year of a controversial deer-culling operation, the National Park Service says the program not only has been good for Valley Forge National Historical Park, it’s been good for the surviving herd.
The deer generally have become healthier, heavier, and more fertile, said Deirdre Gibson, the park’s chief of resources.
When the program started, fewer than 1,300 deer occupied the park’s 5.3 square miles, the park service estimated, or 241 per square mile. The current population is about 49 per square mile, Gibson said, and the goal is to get it down to between 31 and 35.
- Highland allowing archers to hunt deer within city limits, KSL.com, Oct 4, 2013
The Utah Division of Wildlife Resources approved a two-year pilot program for Highland that allows expert archers to go out and hunt deer within the city. Highland started the urban deer-hunting program two weeks ago in an effort to control the city’s disruptive and destructive deer population. About eight years ago, a bad winter drew the deer down from the mountains, and when spring came, they just stayed in the city, said Highland Mayor Lynn Ritchie. The steady increase in deer population since that winter has created a two-fold problem.
- Keys to managing a successful archery deer hunt in an urban community: a case study, Chad M. Stewart et al, Human–Wildlife Interactions 7(1):132–139, Spring 2013
Our study suggests that a managed archery program within heavily populated suburban areas can lower deer densities quickly and effectively under the right circumstances. The ability to provide access for hunters, cooperation and flexibility of state regulations, resilient community leaders, and motivated local hunters are all necessary to reduce a localized deer population within a brief time period.
- Can controlled bow hunts reduce overabundant white-tailed deer populations in suburban ecosystems?, Ecological Modelling, 2013
- Deer management plan for the Vassar Farm and Ecological Preserve will continue with cull in early 2013, Vassar Farm and Ecological Preserve, 2013
- Deer Damage Management Program, Rutgers University Ecological Preserve, Dec 12, 2014
The deer are causing increasing damage to the plant life and causing a danger to vehicles traveling on the perimeter roads. Over 85 deer-induced vehicle collisions in the vicinity of the EcoPreserve have been reported to police between 2010-2012. Recent vegetation inventories conducted by Rutgers University faculty and students document a change in the natural ecological characteristics of the EcoPreserve when compared to studies conducted in the 1970’s. Of major concern has been the loss of native understory shrubs, tree seedlings/saplings and wildflowers. Loss of this native vegetation represents a decline in forest ecosystem health, a loss of the overall biological diversity and enhanced vulnerability of the forest to invasion by exotic plant species.
- If we want to protect deer, we need to shoot a few, Washington Post, Dec 14, 2012
“The Science of Overabundance,” a Smithsonian book published 15 years ago, asserted that even then, many areas clearly had too many whitetails. The book, written by 42 scientists and wildlife biologists,defined overabundance this way: when deer threaten human life or livelihood, when they depress densities of favored species, when they are too numerous for their own good and when they cause ecosystem dysfunction.
- Evaluation of Organized Hunting as a Management Technique for Overabundant White-tailed Deer in Suburban Landscapes, Wildlife Society Bulletin, 2012
- Can controlled bowhunts reduce overabundant white-tailed deer populations in suburban ecosystems?, Mark Weckel & Robert F.Rockwell, Ecological Modelling 250 (2013) 143–154
Nevertheless, the relative inefficiency of bow hunting makes sustaining large population reductions under any scenario improbable. With regards to all deer, the efficiency of Gorge Preserve bow hunters was 0.003 deer km−2.In comparison, Holsworth (1973) and Van Etten et al. (1965) found the efficiency of rifle hunters to be 0.017 and 0.010, respectively, making rifle hunting approximately 3.3 times more efficient.
- Cost-benefit analysis of managed shotgun hunts for suburban white-tailed deer, Human–Wildlife Interactions, Spring 2011
- Karl Malcolm: Columnist is wrong about hunters, The Cap Times, Feb 25, 2011
Hunting in North America is carefully regulated to ensure that healthy numbers of hunted species are maintained. This is achieved by monitoring populations and setting harvest quotas. In some cases (deer are a classic example) reducing the herd size promotes the health of the entire ecosystem and improves habitat for rare and threatened species.
- Sharpshooting suburban white-tailed deer reduces deer–vehicle collisions, Digital Commons@University of Nebraska – Lincoln, 2008, Anthony J. DeNicola, Scott C. Williams
Too many deer–vehicle collisions (DVCs) are one of the primary reasons local governments implement lethal deer management programs. However, there are limited data to demonstrate that a reduction in deer densities will result in a decline in DVCs. We conducted sharpshooting programs in 3 suburban communities to reduce deer numbers and to address rising DVCs. Annual or periodic population estimates were conducted using both helicopter snow counts and aerial infrared counts to assess population trends. Management efforts were conducted from 3 to 7 years. Local deer herds were reduced by 54%, 72%, and 76%, with resulting reductions in DVCs of 49%, 75%, and 78%, respectively. These projects clearly demonstrate that a reduction in local deer densities using lethal methods can significantly reduce DVCs.
- Deer Culling – A Critical Tool for Conserving Local Habitat Diversity: A Green Paper by the Bird Conservation Network, Bird Conservation Network, Nov 2007
This paper outlines concerns that habitat within forest preserves and other natural areas in the region are being adversely affected by widespread overpopulation of white-tailed deer, and recommends ongoing proactive efforts to reduce this deer overpopulation